Art Deco was a popular design movement from 1910 until 1939, affecting the decorative arts such as architecture, interior design, and industrial design, as well as the visual arts such as fashion, painting, the graphic arts, and film. This movement was a union of many different styles and movements of the early 20th century, including Constructionism, Cubism, Modernism, Bauhaus, Art Nouveau, and Futurism. It was most popular during the 1920s. Many design movements have political or philosophical roots, but Art Deco was purely decorative. The term Art Deco comes from the 1925 design exhibition in Paris. Art Deco is characterized also by use of materials such as aluminium, stainless steel, lacquer, inlaid wood etc.
What characterizes Art Deco design in architecture? Geometric patterns, surface ornaments and exotic materials. Art deco skyscrapers in New York are monuments to the technology and financial power of the period.
One of the most beautiful skycrapers is The Empire State Building and I´m going to talk about it.
The Empire State Building
The Empire State Building, finished in 1932, ended the era of Art Deco skyscrapers.
Its structure resembles the Egyptian and Aztec pyramids. It was declared by the American Society of Civil Engineers to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. Its designers were Shreve, Lamb and Harmon. The Empire State was the nickname of New York State. Since the World Trade Center was destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks, it is again the tallest building in New York City. It is the second tallest building in the United States after the Sears Tower in Chicago.
Statistics of The Empire State Building
The tower rises to 381 m and it has 102 floors. It was the first building to have more than 100 floors. The building weighs about 330,000 metric tonnes. The building has 6,500 windows, 73 elevators and 1,860 steps to the top floor. Total floor area: 200,000 m²= square metres. The Empire State Building is located at 350 Fifth Avenue between 33rd and 34th Street, in Midtown Manhattan.
The building has one of the most popular outdoor observatories in the world, having been visited by over 110 million people. This observatory offers impressive 360-degree views of the city. It is locatedonon the 86 th floor.
Other buildings in style of Art deco are for example: The Chrysler Building, Boston Avenue Methodist Church, Carbide & Carbon Building, Fisher Building
Art Deco was the product of the period between the two world wars, the age of industrial revolution, woman emancipation , commerce and also depression. It was elegant, decorative and beautiful.
Autor: Michal Šimíček